Wednesday, June 25, 2014

Extend LVM Disk Linux

This Article Will Describe step by step how to extend LVM Disk On Linux :-

1- After adding New Harddisk to the server you have to ReScan The Scsi using 

echo "- - -" > /sys/class/scsi_host/host?/scan
? :- Depend on you host number. 
2-  Use Fdisk to create new partition.

>fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 107.3 GB, 107374182400 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 13054 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *           1          13      104391   83  Linux
/dev/sda2              14       13054   104751832+  8e  Linux LVM
Disk /dev/sdb: 10.7 GB, 10737418240 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1305 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes

Disk /dev/sdb doesn't contain a valid partition table
 Check the below :-



#fdisk /dev/sdb
Device contains neither a valid DOS partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF disklab el
Building a new DOS disklabel. Changes will remain in memory only,
until you decide to write them. After that, of course, the previous
content won't be recoverable.






The number of cylinders for this disk is set to 1305.
There is nothing wrong with that, but this is larger than 1024,
and could in certain setups cause problems with:
1) software that runs at boot time (e.g., old versions of LILO)
2) booting and partitioning software from other OSs
(e.g., DOS FDISK, OS/2 FDISK)
Warning: invalid flag 0x0000 of partition table 4 will be corrected by w(rite)



Command (m for help): n
Command action
e extended
p primary partition (1-4)
p
Partition number (1-4): 1
First cylinder (1-1305, default 1):
Using default value 1
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-1305, default 1305):
Using default value 1305



Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!



Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.



WARNING: Re-reading the partition table failed with error 16: Device or resource busy.
The kernel still uses the old table.
The new table will be used at the next reboot.
Syncing disks.


3-  Lets start increasing :-

pvcreate /dev/sdb1
Writing physical volume data to disk "/dev/sdb1"
Physical volume "/dev/sdb1" successfully created
vgdisplay
--- Volume group ---
VG Name Oracle
System ID
Format lvm2
Metadata Areas 1
Metadata Sequence No 4
VG Access read/write
VG Status resizable
MAX LV 0
Cur LV 3
Open LV 3
Max PV 0
Cur PV 1
Act PV 1
VG Size 99.88 GB
PE Size 32.00 MB
Total PE 3196
Alloc PE / Size 3196 / 99.88 GB
Free PE / Size 0 / 0
VG UUID MZ04D3-jZLy-0BWi-2WSP-oi9E-hBkl-e3a08d

vgextend Oracle /dev/sdb1  Volume group "Oracle" successfully extended
 pvscan
  PV /dev/sda2   VG Oracle   lvm2 [99.88 GB / 0    free]
  PV /dev/sdb1   VG Oracle   lvm2 [9.97 GB / 9.97 GB free]
  Total: 2 [109.84 GB] / in use: 2 [109.84 GB] / in no VG: 0 [0   ]
###

lvdisplay
--- Logical volume ---
LV Name /dev/Oracle/LogVol00
VG Name Oracle
LV UUID wKMZ16-LHsc-ktsc-3dTT-ieiq-pEfT-tODhqc
LV Write Access read/write
LV Status available
# open 1
LV Size 9.75 GB
Current LE 312
Segments 1
Allocation inherit
Read ahead sectors auto
- currently set to 256
Block device 253:0

--- Logical volume ---
LV Name /dev/Oracle/LogVol02
VG Name Oracle
LV UUID UabZCO-G8ID-dh1a-xv6t-Ss4O-QqEx-fnIy5g
LV Write Access read/write
LV Status available
# open 1
LV Size 82.34 GB
Current LE 2635
Segments 1
Allocation inherit
Read ahead sectors auto
- currently set to 256
Block device 253:1

--- Logical volume ---
LV Name /dev/Oracle/LogVol01
VG Name Oracle
LV UUID 78Y3bv-UZZI-Iu2w-gAyD-HXe1-Fx25-gmGuKn
LV Write Access read/write
LV Status available
# open 1
LV Size 7.78 GB
Current LE 249
Segments 1
Allocation inherit
Read ahead sectors auto
- currently set to 256
Block device 253:2
Now Let's Extend :-

lvextend /dev/Oracle/LogVol00 /dev/sdb1 Extending logical volume LogVol00 to 19.72 GB
Logical volume LogVol00 successfully resized
 Finally :-

resize2fs /dev/Oracle/LogVol00resize2fs 1.39 (29-May-2006)
Filesystem at /dev/Oracle/LogVol00 is mounted on /; on-line resizing required
Performing an on-line resize of /dev/Oracle/LogVol00 to 5169152 (4k) blocks.

Notes :

  1. The Red Color for Command Line.
  2. The Brown Color For necessary Output. 
  3. /dev/Oracle/LogVol00 it's the name for LVM Disk.
  4. /dev/sdb1 disk that we created using fdisk.


Thank you
Osama Mustafa


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